IUD - Intrauterine device

An Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two main types of IUDs: hormonal and non-hormonal.

Both types of IUDs are highly effective at preventing pregnancy and are reversible, meaning they can be removed if a person decides they want to become pregnant or if they experience unwanted side effects.

Benefits of an iud


  1. Highly effective: IUDs are over 99% effective in preventing pregnancy, making them one of the most reliable forms of contraception available.
  2. Long-term contraception: Depending on the type, IUDs can provide contraception for 3 to 12 years, offering a convenient option without the need for daily or monthly maintenance.
  3. Reversible: Unlike permanent sterilization methods, such as tubal ligation, IUDs can be easily removed, allowing for a return to fertility when you are ready.
  4. Hormonal and non-hormonal options: There are both hormonal and non-hormonal types of IUDs available, providing options that best suit individuals and their needs and preferences.
  5. Reduced menstrual bleeding and cramping: Hormonal IUDs, in particular, are known to reduce menstrual bleeding which can be beneficial for people with heavy or painful periods.
Intrauterine devices

TYpes of iuds

  1. Hormonal IUDs: These contain progestin, a synthetic hormone similar to the natural hormone progesterone. They release a small amount of progestin, which thickens cervical mucus, inhibits sperm movement, and thins the uterine lining, making it less receptive to implantation. Examples include Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla.
  2. Copper IUDs: These are non-hormonal and instead contain copper, which creates an inflammatory reaction in the uterus that is toxic to sperm, preventing fertilization. Copper IUDs can also be used as emergency contraception if inserted within a certain timeframe after unprotected intercourse. Examples include Paragard.


It’s important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most suitable type of IUD based on factors such as medical history, preferences, and individual needs.


Equity Clinic prides itself on going above and beyond to support patients through difficult moments and processes. Insertion and removal of IUDs can be painful. Equity Clinic is one of the first clinics to provide a range of options on-site to help support patients through this process and make it as easy as possible.

On-site options for patients for pain control include:

  • Local anesthesia: a numbing injection into the cervix
  • Medications by mouth for pain and anxiety
  • Muscular injection of pain medication Toradol (ketorolac) for cramping pain. Toradol is in the NSAID class of medications and is similar to ibuprofen, but much stronger.
  • IV moderate or conscious sedation. This involves the use of pain and anxiety medication in an IV. Patients remain “awake” but are incredibly relaxed and with minimal to no pain.

Schedule an appointment to talk with a healthcare provider about your history and desires, so that together, a safe plan can be created for your IUD insertion.